52 Sites of Iranian Culture and World Heritage

 
The Pink Mosque, Shiraz, Iran. Credit: Mohammad Reza Domiri Ganji

The United States assassinated Iranian General Suleimani, arguably the second most powerful man in Iran, on 3rd January 2020. This was following weeks of escalating conflict between the US and Iran. The United States President, Donald Trump, tweeted on 4th January 2020 in response to Iran’s threats of retaliation that he would target:

“52 Iranian sites, some at a very high level & important to Iran & the Iranian culture” Donald Trump, Jan 4 2020

The next day, he reiterated

“They’re allowed to use roadside bombs…and we’re not allowed to touch their cultural site(s)? It doesn’t work that way.” Donald Trump, Jan 5 2020

By stating that Iranian Cultural sites were potential targets, Donald Trump intimated that he no longer cared for the favour of secular or expatriate Iranians. After all, the Islamic Regime is noteably hostile towards many Iranian Cultural sites. Those who will be most upset by Trump’s message will be those who might have previously supported him in any intervention leading to regime change in Iran.

The questions arises: Which sites of Iranian Culture are on Donald Trump’s list of 52?

Update 8th January 2020: Donald Trump has now removed his threat, stating “I like to obey the law”.


Number 1: Persepolis

 

Number 2: Naghsh-e Jahan (Map of the World) Square, Isfahan


Number 3: Cyrus Tomb in Pasargadae


Number 4: Golestan Palace in Tehran

 
 

Number 5: The Palace of Darius at Susa

“At Susa a very excellent (work) was ordered, a very excellent (work) was (brought to completion). May Ahuramazda protect me, and Hystaspes my father, and my country”. Darius I, 29 September 522 BCE — October 486 BCE


Number 6: The Poets’ tombs at Shiraz

“Through love, roses become thorns”. Hafez, 1345

“When in the eyes of the beloved riches count not, gold and dust are as one to thee”. Saadi, 1257


Number 7: The Grand Ali Qapu Palace of Isfahan


Number 8: The Amir Chakhmagh Complex of Yazd


Number 9: The Old Family homes of Kashan

 

Number 10: The Pink Mosque of Shiraz


Number 11: The Old Synagogues of Central Tehran


Number 12: The Garden of Paradise (Eram Garden) in Shiraz


Number 13: The Tomb of Avicenna, Hamedan


Number 14: Masouleh — the Rooftop Village on the Mountain, Gilan


Number 15: The many beautiful ancient bridges of Isfahan.

“Khaju is the culminating monument of Persian bridge architecture and one of the most interesting bridges extant … where the whole has rhythm and dignity and combines in the happiest consistency, utility, beauty, and recreation.” Arthur Pope (1881–1969)


Number 16: The Palace of 8 Heavens “Hasht Behesht”, Isfahan


Number 17: Tabiat “Nature” Bridge, Tehran

 

Number 18: Vakil Bath, Shiraz

 
 

Number 19: Emamzadeh Hassan Village, Jangal district

“Drink wine. This is life eternal. This is all that youth will give you. It is the season for wine, roses and drunken friends. Be happy for this moment. This moment is your life.” Omar Khayyam 1048–1131


Number 20: Vank Church in Isfahan


Number 21: The Azadi Tower in Tehran


Number 22: The Palace of Tachara


Number 23: The Ghare Kelisa in West Azerbaijan province

 

Number 24: The Dolat Abad Garden, Yazd


Number 25: The Bam Citadel


Number 26: The Palace of Ardashir, Shiraz

 

Number 27: The Niavaran Palace, Tehran


Number 28: The Emam Reza Shrine, Mashhad


Number 29: The Grand Bazaar, Tehran


Number 30: The Blue Mosque, Tabriz


Number 31: Gonbad-e Qabus tower, Gonbad-e Qabus

“It achieves an almost perfect balance between a purpose (princely glory beyond death), a form (cylindrical tower transformed into a star), and a single material (brick)” Oleg Grabar


Number 32: The masjed-e Jame of Isfahan


Number 33: The Soltaniyeh Dome


Number 34: The Firuzabad Ensemble and old Sassanid Art (224 CE–651)


Number 35: The Ancient Caravanserais of the desert, Khurasan-e Razavi, Isfahan and Yazd Provinces

These were checkpoints and a place for travellers to rest and keep their belongings safe. They were also a meeting point for travelers, merchants, scientists, and many other scholars who wanted to exchange knowledge and ideas, as well as discover new civilizations.


Number 36: The Taq-e Bostan “Arch of the Garden” rock reliefs, Kermanshah

“Art was characteristic of the Iranian people and the gift which they endowed the world with.” Arthur Pope 1881–1969


Number 37: The Collection of Historical Bridges, Lorestan Province


Number 38: The Ancient Soleymanieh Spring, Kashan


Number 39: The Historic Centre of Yazd


Number 40: The Chogha Zanbil, Khuzestan


Number 41: The Takht-e Soleyman (Fort of Solomon) fortification, West Azerbaijan province


Number 42: The Historic Bazaar of Tabriz


Number 43: The Behistun Inscription CliffKermanshah


Number 44: The Ancient Rocky Village of Meymand, Kerman


Number 45: The Burnt City “Shahre Sukhteh”, Sistan and Baluchistan province


Number 46: The Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, The Island City of Shushtar

 

Number 47: The Castle of Alamut (The “Eagle’s Nest”), Qazvin


Number 48: The village of Dizin, Alborz Mountain range, Iran

 
 
 

Number 49: The Borujerdi House, Kashan

 
 
 

Number 50: The Qavam House and Naranjestan Garden, Shiraz

 
 
 

Number 51: Naghsh-e Rostam and Naghsh-e Rajab Necropolises

 
 
 

Number 52: The Chehel Sotoun Palace, Isfahan

 
 
 
 
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